Meduxnekeag River Association

Meduxnekeag Flora

  1. Rare Appalachian Hardwood Forest Plants
  2. Appalachian Hardwood Forest Trees
  3. Other Flowering Plant Species
  4. Other Forest Trees
  5. Some Plants of Other Forest Types
  6. Some Other Common Plants
  7. Some Shrubs
  8. Some Common Ferns

Some Plants of Other Forest Types

The following flowering plants may be found in tolerant hardwood sites, but are widespread in other forest types as well.

Red Baneberry (Actaea rubra); similar in appearance and flower to White Baneberry, but with a cluster of bright red berries in late summer. Poisonous to humans.  
Wild Sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis); flowers in late spring through early summer, in umbels, on a separate stalk from the leaves, prefers dry woods.  
Wood Anemone (Anemone quinquifolia); low, delicate-appearing plant with white flowers, often pinkish or fading to pinkish on the outside; flowers in mid-spring.
Canada Anemone (Anemone canadensis); flowers larger than above species; white, usually later in season, often in meadows or open edges.  
Rosy Twisted-stalk (Streptopus lanceolatus); found widely in the watershed; small pinkish flowers dangle below the leaves along the stalk in late spring and early summer.
Tall Meadow Rue (Thalictrum pubescens); widespread in the watershed in swamps, meadows and open areas; flowers in summer.  
Northern Wood Sorrel (Oxalis montana); low-growing; small whitish or pinkish pink-veined flowers in late spring and early summer above edible clover-like leaves. Locally abundant in suitable rich woods as along the Red trail on slope of Wilson Mt.  
Blue Violet (Viola spp); many sub-species not easily distinguishable are widespread and abundant throughout the watershed in damp woods, moist meadows, roadsides; flowering in mid-spring to early summer; Blue Violet is New Brunswick’s provincial flower.  
Canada Lily (Lillium canadense); tall plant, found in wet meadows, woodlands, often near water; yellow, orange or red flowers in mid-summer; widespread in watershed.
Clintonia (Clintonia borealis); also known as Blue-bead Lily; yellow flowers in late spring followed by bright blue berries in late summer.  
Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca); flowers in mid-summer in old fields, roadsides, and waste places; abundant along ATV trail near Wilson Mt entrance to Preserve; sap is white and sticky; foliage provides food for the Monarch butterfly; seed is densely packed in pods; when opened, each seed is attached to a silky filament for ready wind dispersal.  
Starflower (Trientalis borealis); low-growing, two white star-shaped flowers held above a whorl of leaves in late spring.  
Indian Cucumber Root (Medeola virginiana); stem has two whorls of leaves, with dangling greenish-yellow flowers from the top whorl; up to a metre tall, flowers in early summer.
Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica); plant may be more than a metre tall; densely covered with stinging hairs; small greenish flowers in summer. Avoid touching.  

Beechdrops (Epifagus virginiana); plant without green pigment; colour varies from yellowish to reddish to brown; 15 - 50 cm tall; parasitic, found only under beech trees.


Spotted Coralroot (Corallorhiza maculata); another plant lacking in green pigment; yellowish flowers deepening to purple on a leafless stalk, flowers in mid-summer.


Indian Pipe (Monotropa uniflora); translucent whitish stem with a single nodding pinkish white flower in summer; small, sometimes found in groups.


Pine Sap (Monotropa hypopithys); has several tan to yellowish nodding flowers; emerges in summer thru early fall.


Kidney-leaf Buttercup (Rancunulus abortivis); yellow flowers, 15 - 40 cm, flowers in spring thru mid-summer.


Hawkweed (Hieracium spp.); a number of species found both in woods and open habitats; some are native, others alien; all, except the Orange Hawkweed (aka “Devil’s Paintbrush”) found mostly in fields or on roadsides, are yellow-flowered and bloom in summer.


Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans); widespread in the Meduxnekeag watershed, particularly, but not exclusively, in the riparian zone. May be a vine, a shrub, or a low groundcover; leaves occur in threes; clusters of white berries in summer, often persisting into the next season. Contact with any part of this plant may produce an itching blistered skin rash.  Learn to recognize and avoid.

Spotted Jewelweed (Impatiens capensis); widespread in damp shady places; orange spotted flowers; seed capsules burst at a touch when ripe, scattering seeds. Juice from crushed stems may provide some relief to poison ivy blisters.


Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis); low-growing; 4 white bracts surround a cluster of small greenish flowers on top of the plant in late spring or early summer; red berries in late summer.


Painted Trillium (Trillium undulatum); smaller than Red Trillium; flowers in late spring; prefers more acidic forests though also found in AHF sites; white petals with red centres.

Nodding Trillium (Trillium cernuum); flower is white, or, rarely, pink and hangs below leaves; flowers in mid-spring in acidic woods.


Pink Lady’s-Slipper (Cypripedium acaule); also known as Moccasin Flower; has both pink and white flowered variants in the region; blossoms in acidic woods in late spring or early summer.

Canada Mayflower (Maianthemum canadense); aka Wild Lily-of-the-Valley; short-stemmed plant with shiny elongated leaves and a cluster of tiny white flowers above the leaves in spring; found in many woodland habitats (this isn’t the fragrant Mayflower).  






Community Stewardship for the Meduxnekeag Watershed Region
Last update : October 6, 2005