Meduxnekeag River Association

Meduxnekeag Flora

  1. Rare Appalachian Hardwood Forest Plants
  2. Appalachian Hardwood Forest Trees
  3. Other Flowering Plant Species
  4. Other Forest Trees
  5. Some Plants of Other Forest Types
  6. Some Other Common Plants
  7. Some Shrubs
  8. Some Common Ferns

Appalachian Hardwood Forest Trees

Appalachian Hardwood Forest sites in New Brunswick have four characteristic, or “marker”,  tree species along with many other hardwood species.

Basswood (Tilia americana); one of the marker species; considered to have “conservation significance”; can reach more than a metre in diameter although trees this size are rare; often has two trunks, with little branching below the crown; large basswood frequently have cavities and become den trees for birds or mammals.  

Butternut (Jugulans cinerea); another AHF marker; widespread in the watershed; now being threatened by a canker, first detected here in 1997, which has devastated butternut stands in other parts of eastern North America.

White Ash (Fraxinus americana); an AHF marker; widespread in the watershed.  
Ironwood (Ostrya virginiana); an AHF marker, aka Eastern Hophornbeam; small tree seldom reaching more than 30 cm in diameter; very hard wood; fruit hang in clusters similar to hops.  
Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum); probably the most common tree in AHF sites.  
Yellow Birch (Betula alleghaniensis); one of the more long-lived hardwoods, found in AHF sites, but also in other locations, often with hemlock.  
American Beech (Fagus grandifolia); once one of the most common and widespread forest hardwoods, beech is increasingly subject to a canker which arrived here from Europe in the early 20th century; few beech now reach large size.  
American Elm (Ulmus americana); far less common than previously in the region’s forests; Dutch Elm Disease, now present locally for more than half a century, has killed most of the large elms.  
Black Cherry (Prunus serotina); scattered throughout AHF sites, sometimes reaching more than 40 cm in diameter.  






Community Stewardship for the Meduxnekeag Watershed Region
Last update : October 6, 2005