Meduxnekeag River Association


The central St. John River Valley is home to a type of hardwood forest found nowhere else in Atlantic Canada. Referred to as Appalachian Hardwood Forest for its similarities to forest types found much further south and west, it contains trees and other plant species rare or uncommon in New Brunswick.

Unfortunately, there’s not much of it left. A survey conducted by the Nature Trust of New Brunswick in 1997 concluded that today’s stands of Appalachian Hardwood Forest represent less than 1 per cent of what was here originally.

The highest concentration of mature AHF sites, as well as the richest and most diverse sites, lie within the Meduxnekeag watershed.

Key AHF tree species include basswood, white ash, ironwood, and butternut, usually in stands with sugar maple, yellow birch, often black cherry, and other tolerant hardwoods. Rare or uncommon understorey plants include: showy orchis, maidenhair fern, wild ginger, black raspberry, wild coffee, yellow lady’s slipper, Goldie’s fern, Canada violet, blue cohosh, and a number of others.

Maidenhair Fern

Wild Coffee

Community Stewardship for the Meduxnekeag Watershed Region
Last update : June 7, 2005